There is hereby created as an executive agency of the state board of education the office of the state board of education. The state board of education is hereby authorized to appoint an executive officer of the state board who shall serve at the pleasure of the state board and shall receive such salary as fixed by the state board. The executive secretary may be appointed as the executive officer. The executive officer shall, under the direction of the state board, have such duties and powers as prescribed by the said board of regents and the state board of education, not otherwise assigned by law.
(1) The state board shall have power to make rules for its own government and the government of its executive departments and offices; and, upon recommendations of its executive officers, to appoint to said departments and offices such specialists, clerks and other employees as the execution of duties may require, to fix their salaries and assign their duties.
(2) Statements of the state board of education and board of regents of the university of Idaho which relate to the curriculum of public educational institutions, to students attending or applicants to such institutions, or to the use and maintenance of land, equipment and buildings controlled by the respective institutions, are not rules and are not statements of general applicability for the purposes of chapter 52, title 67, Idaho Code.
(3) Notwithstanding any other provision of chapter 52, title 67, Idaho Code, the state board of education and board of regents of the university of Idaho shall be deemed to be in full compliance with the notice requirements of section 67-5221, Idaho Code, if:
(a) Notice is given by including the intended action in the official written agenda for a regularly scheduled meeting of the board, and the agenda is available for public inspection at the central office of the board not less than five (5) days prior to the meeting; and
(b) Notice of the intended action, accompanied by the full text of the rule under consideration prepared so as to indicate words added or deleted from the presently effective text, if any, is transmitted to the director of the legislative services office at the same time that notice is given under paragraph (a) of this subsection. The director of the legislative services office shall refer the material under consideration to the germane joint subcommittee created in section 67-454, Idaho Code, to afford the subcommittee opportunity to submit data, views or arguments in writing to the board prior to the time for receiving comment as provided in paragraph (d) of this subsection; and
(c) The intended action is discussed but not acted upon during the regularly scheduled meeting for which the agenda was prepared, but instead is held for final action at the next regularly scheduled or later meeting of the board; and
(d) At least fifteen (15) days prior to the scheduled date for final action, the board shall mail to all persons who have made timely request in writing to the board and shall publish in an issue of the Idaho administrative bulletin a brief description of the intended action, or a concise summary of any statement of economic impact required pursuant to section 67-5223(2), Idaho Code, and shall note the time when, the place where, and the manner in which interested persons may present their views thereon; and
(e) Upon adoption of a rule, the board, if requested in writing to do so by an interested person either prior to adoption or within twenty-eight (28) days thereafter, shall issue a concise statement of the principal reasons for and against its adoption, incorporating therein its reasons for overruling the considerations urged against its adoption.
The state board shall have power to:
(1) Perform all duties prescribed for it by the school laws of the state;
(2) Acquire, hold and dispose of title, rights and interests in real and personal property;
(3) Have general supervision, through its executive departments and offices, of all entities of public education supported in whole or in part by state funds;
(4) (a) Delegate to its executive secretary, to its executive officer, or to such other administrators as the board may appoint, such powers as said officers require to carry out and administer the policies, orders and directives of the board;
(b) Delegate to its executive officer, if necessary to enhance effectiveness and efficiency, such powers as he requires to exercise discretionary authority and to perform duties vested in the state board related to the operation, control and management of Idaho’s state universities and colleges and other agencies under the supervision and governance of the state board, and to perform duties and render decisions prescribed to the state board involving the exercise of judgment and discretion that affect the public schools in Idaho;
(c) Delegate to the presidents of Idaho’s state universities and colleges, if necessary to enhance effectiveness and efficiency, such powers as said officers require to exercise discretionary authority and to perform duties vested in the state board related to the operation, control and management of Idaho’s state universities and colleges;
(d) Delegate to its executive secretary, the superintendent of public instruction, if necessary to enhance effectiveness and efficiency, such powers as he requires to perform duties and render decisions prescribed to the state board involving the exercise of judgment and discretion that affect the public schools in Idaho;
(e) Delegations of powers under this subsection must be adopted as statements of agency action by the state board, as provided in section 33-105(2), Idaho Code, and pursuant to a process that provides for notice, opportunity for input and formal adoption by the state board;
(5) Through its executive departments and offices:
(a) Enforce the school laws of the state,
(b) Study the educational conditions and needs of the state and recommend to the legislature needed changes in existing laws or additional legislation;
(6) In addition to the powers conferred by chapter 24, title 33, Idaho Code:
(a) Maintain a register of postsecondary educational institutions approved to provide programs and courses that lead to a degree or which provide, offer and sell degrees in accordance with the procedures established in chapter 24, title 33, Idaho Code,
(b) Determine whether to accept academic credit at public postsecondary educational institutions in Idaho. Academic credit shall not be transferred into any Idaho public postsecondary institution from a postsecondary educational institution or other entity that is not accredited by an organization recognized by the board,
(c) Maintain a register of proprietary schools approved to conduct, provide, offer or sell a course or courses of study in accordance with the procedures established in chapter 24, title 33, Idaho Code;
(7) Prescribe the courses and programs of study to be offered at the public institutions of higher education, after consultation with the presidents of the affected institutions;
(8) Approve new courses and programs of study to be offered at community colleges organized pursuant to chapter 21, title 33, Idaho Code, when the courses or programs of study are academic in nature and the credits derived therefrom are intended to be transferable to other state institutions of higher education for credit toward a baccalaureate degree, and when the courses or programs of study have been authorized by the board of trustees of the community college.
There is hereby established as an executive agency of the state board of education a department known as the state department of education. The state superintendent shall serve as the executive officer of such department and shall have the responsibility for carrying out policies, procedures and duties authorized by law or established by the state board of education for all elementary and secondary school matters, and to administer grants for the promotion of science education as provided in sections 33-128 and 33-129, Idaho Code.
Under the direction of the state superintendent of public instruction, the state department of education shall:
(1) Coordinate with the Idaho digital learning academy as provided for in chapter 55, title 33, Idaho Code, the state board of education and school districts to distribute telecourses, teleconferences and other instructional and training services to and between public schools;
(2) Coordinate with the Idaho digital learning academy, the state board of education and institutions of higher education to distribute college credit telecourses, teleconferences and other instructional and training services; and
(3) Act as a clearinghouse for the materials, courses, publications and other applicable information related to the requirements of this section.
Employees of the department shall be appointed by the superintendent of public instruction in accordance with the provisions of chapter 16, title 59, and chapter 53, title 67, Idaho Code.
There shall be elected at the general election, 1974, and every four (4) years thereafter, by the qualified electors of the state, a state superintendent of public instruction, who shall reside at the seat of government, and shall perform such duties as are prescribed by the constitution and laws of the state. Before entering upon the duties of his office, the state superintendent of public instruction shall take and subscribe to the oath prescribed by the constitution. The state superintendent of public instruction shall be bonded to the state of Idaho in the time, form and manner prescribed by chapter 8, title 59, Idaho Code. Said oath shall be deposited with the secretary of state.
He shall have an office in Ada county, where a seal shall be kept which shall be the official seal of the state board of education by which all official acts may be authenticated, and all records, books and papers pertaining to the business of this office. He shall file all papers, reports and public documents transmitted to him by the county superintendents of the several counties, and hold the same in readiness to be exhibited to the governor, or to any committee of any house of the legislature, or to any citizen of the state.
He shall be an ex officio voting member of the state board of education. He shall enforce its rules and regulations concerning all elementary and secondary school matters under the control of the board and see that all matters requiring the decision of the board are promptly placed before it for decision. He shall faithfully execute the duties devolving upon him or delegated to him by said board concerning all elementary and secondary school matters under the control of the board except institutions of higher education.
(1) A student’s parent or guardian has the right to reasonable academic accommodation from the child’s public school. “Reasonable accommodation” means the school shall make its best effort to enable a parent or guardian to exercise their rights without substantial impact to staff and resources, including employee working conditions, safety and supervision on school premises for school activities and the efficient allocation of expenditures, while balancing the parental rights of parents and guardians, the educational needs of other students, the academic and behavioral impacts to a classroom, a teacher’s workload and the assurance of the safe and efficient operations of the school.
(2) School districts and the boards of directors of public charter schools, in consultation with parents, teachers and administrators, shall develop and adopt a policy to promote the involvement of parents and guardians of children enrolled in the schools within the school district or the charter school, including:
(a) A plan for parent participation in the schools that is designed to improve parent and teacher cooperation in such areas as homework, attendance and discipline;
(b) A process by which parents may learn about the course of study for their children and review learning materials, including the source of any supplemental educational materials; and
(c) A process by which parents who object to any learning material or activity on the basis that it harms the child or impairs the parents’ firmly held beliefs, values or principles may withdraw their child from the activity, class or program in which the material is used.
School districts and the boards of directors of public charter schools shall annually notify a parent or guardian of a student enrolled in the school district or public charter school of the parent’s or guardian’s rights as specified in this chapter.
Nominations made by the governor to the senate must be in writing, designating the residence of the nominee and the office for which he is nominated.
The governor must commission:
1. All officers of the militia.
2. All officers appointed by the governor, or by the governor with the advice and consent of the senate.
Before any officer elected or appointed to fill any office created by the laws of the state of Idaho enters upon the duties of his office, he must take and subscribe an oath, to be known as the official oath, which is as follows:
“I do solemnly swear (or affirm, as the case may be) that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of the State of Idaho, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of (insert office) according to the best of my ability.”
Whenever a different time is not prescribed by law the oath of office must be taken, subscribed and filed within ten (10) days after the officer has notice of his election or appointment, or before the expiration of fifteen (15) days from the commencement of his term of office, when no such notice has been given.
Except when otherwise provided, the oath may be taken before any officer authorized to administer oaths.
The oath of office of county elective officers shall be taken by the county commissioners before the county recorders of their respective counties, on the second Monday of January succeeding each general election, and on the same day the other county officers shall take and subscribe the official oath before the chairman of the board. Provided, however, in the event of inability to appear for the taking of the oath, for any reason, a duly elected county official may be sworn in and may subscribe to the oath, wherever he may be, provided he appear before an officer duly authorized to administer oaths, and provided further, that any person who is in any branch of the armed forces of the United States of America, may appear before any person qualified to administer oaths, as prescribed in section 51-113, Idaho Code, and may take and subscribe the oath of office as provided for in section 59-401, Idaho Code, of this title and chapter, and the oath of office shall have the same force and effect as though it were taken before the county commissioners as herein provided.
Every oath of office, certified by the officer, before whom the same was taken, must be filed within the time required by law, except when otherwise specially directed, as follows:
1. The oath of all officers whose authority is not limited to any particular county, in the office of the secretary of state.
2. The oath of all officers elected or appointed for any county, district or precinct, in the offices [office] of the recorder of their respective counties. The oath for school district trustees shall be filed in the manner prescribed by section 33-501, Idaho Code.
Deputies, clerks and subordinate officers must take and file an official oath before entering upon their duties.
During the period when the public business is being conducted at the emergency temporary location, or locations, the governing body and other officers of a political subdivision of this state shall have and possess and shall exercise, at such location, or locations, all of the executive, legislative, and judicial powers and functions conferred upon such body and officers by or under the laws of this state. Such powers and functions may be exercised in the light of the exigencies of the emergency situation without regard to or compliance with time-consuming procedures and formalities prescribed by law and pertaining thereto, and all acts of such body and officers shall be as valid and binding as if performed within the territorial limits of their political subdivision.
[67-106, added 1961 (E.S.), ch. 3, sec. 5, p. 18.]
The legislature consists of a senate and house of representatives, the members of which are elected from the respective senatorial and representative districts by the qualified electors of said districts.
On the first Thursday of December in general election years, the members of the house of representatives and senate shall meet in Boise, in the capitol building or, during any renovation of the capitol building, in the building in which the legislature will hold sessions, for the purpose of organizing their respective houses. Members shall each receive compensation and expenses authorized by the citizen’s committee on legislative compensation, which shall be paid from the legislative account.
At the beginning of the first regular session, or at the organizational session, of each legislature, both houses shall adopt permanent rules of procedures. The rules in effect at the last regular session of the immediately preceding legislature shall serve as the temporary rules of the legislature until the adoption of permanent rules.
The president and president pro tem, of the senate, and the speaker and speaker pro tem, of the house, may administer the oath of office to any member, and to the officers of their respective bodies. The members of any committee may administer oaths to witnesses in any matter under examination.
There is hereby created under the direction of the legislative council the legislative services office which shall carry out the professional and nonpartisan responsibilities defined in this chapter. The legislative council shall appoint a director of the legislative services office who shall serve at the pleasure of the council and who may employ such employees and engage the services of such persons and agencies as may be necessary or desirable in the performance of the legislative council’s duties. Employees of the legislative services office are nonclassified, at-will employees and shall serve at the pleasure of the director.
The executive department shall consist of a governor, lieutenant-governor, secretary of state, state controller, state treasurer, attorney general and superintendent of public instruction.
The office of the governor shall be composed of: the state liquor division, as provided by chapter 2, title 23, Idaho Code; the military division, as provided by title 46, Idaho Code; the division of financial management; and such other divisions and units as are established or assigned by law, or created through administrative action of the governor.
The governor shall appoint an administrator for each division, with the advice and consent of the senate. Administrators shall serve at the pleasure of the governor, and shall be exempt from the provisions of chapter 53, title 67, Idaho Code. Other subordinate staff necessary to accomplish a division’s mission shall be subject to the provisions of chapter 53, title 67, Idaho Code.
The supreme executive power of the state is vested by section 5, article IV, of the constitution of the state of Idaho, in the governor, who is expressly charged with the duty of seeing that the laws are faithfully executed. In order that he may exercise a portion of the authority so vested, the governor is authorized and empowered to implement and exercise those powers and perform those duties by issuing executive orders from time to time which shall have the force and effect of law when issued in accordance with this section and within the limits imposed by the constitution and laws of this state. Such executive orders, when issued, shall be serially numbered for each calendar year and may be referred to and cited by such numerical designation and title. Each executive order issued hereunder shall be effective only after signature by the governor, attestation by and filing with the secretary of state, who shall keep a permanent register and file of such orders in the same manner as applies to acts of the legislature. In addition, each executive order required by chapter 52, title 67, Idaho Code, to be published in the administrative bulletin shall be filed with the administrative rules coordinator and published in the bulletin. Each such executive order issued by the governor must prescribe a date after which it shall cease to be effective, which shall be within four (4) calendar years of the effective date of such order, and if no date after which such order shall cease to be effective is contained in the order, then such order shall cease to be effective four (4) calendar years from the issuance thereof, unless renewed by subsequent executive order. The governor may modify or repeal any executive order by issuance of a new executive order. The procedures expressly set forth in this section shall be sufficient to make an executive order effective.
In addition to those powers prescribed above, and those prescribed by the constitution, the governor has the powers, and may perform the duties prescribed in this section and the following sections:
1. To supervise the official conduct of all executive and ministerial officers.
2. To see that all offices are filled, and the duties thereof performed, or, in default thereof, apply such remedy as the law allows; and if the remedy is imperfect, acquaint the legislature therewith at its next session.
3. To make the appointments and supply the vacancies provided by law.
4. He is the sole official organ of communication between the government of this state and the government of any other state or territory, or of the United States.
5. Whenever any suit or legal proceeding is pending in this state, or which may affect the title of this state to any property, or which may result in any claim against the state, he may direct the attorney general to appear on behalf of the state.
6. He may require the attorney general or prosecuting attorney of any county to inquire into the affairs or management of any corporation existing under the laws of this state.
7. He may require the attorney general to aid any prosecuting attorney in the discharge of his duties.
8. He may offer rewards not exceeding one thousand dollars ($1,000) each, payable out of the state treasury, for the apprehension of any convict who has escaped from the state prison, or of any person who has committed, or is charged with the commission of, an offense punishable with death; and also offer like rewards, not exceeding five hundred dollars ($500) each, in cases of felony, where the offense is not punishable with death.
9. To perform such duties respecting fugitives from justice as are prescribed by the penal code.
10. To issue and transmit election proclamations as prescribed by law.
11. He may require any officer to make special reports to him in writing on demand.
12. He has such other powers and may perform such other duties as are devolved upon him by any law of this state.
(1) With the advice of the head of each agency, and taking into consideration employee duties and responsibilities, the administrator shall designate individually or by class the employees required to give official bond to the state and the amount of the bond required for each individual or class.
(2) If some other law sets forth an amount in which an employee is to be bonded, the administrator shall procure a bond in at least the amount set forth in such law, but may require a bond in a greater amount than as set forth in such law if he determines, in accordance with the procedures set forth in subsection (1) above, that it would be in the best interest of the state to require a bond in a greater amount.
(3) The premium on the official surety bonds procured by the administrator in accordance with subsections (1) and (2) above shall be paid from funds appropriated or available for the employer or agency in the manner prescribed in section 41-3503, Idaho Code.
(4) The administrator shall procure all official bonds for employees, and shall, by negotiations or otherwise, endeavor to purchase the best coverage which can be obtained for the least cost.
(1) Each official surety bond, blanket surety bond or suitable crime insurance policy of a public official or an employee shall be payable to the state or appropriate political subdivision, and shall be in the appropriate form as defined in section 59-802, Idaho Code. The surety bond, blanket surety bond, or suitable crime insurance shall be executed by a corporate surety company authorized to do business in this state in the amount fixed by the administrator, or by the governing body of the political subdivision.
(2) In lieu of individual bonds, the administrator or the governing body of a political subdivision may elect to provide a schedule or blanket corporate surety bond, or suitable crime insurance covering all or any group of public officials or employees whenever the premiums would be less than the aggregate of premiums chargeable under individual coverage. Any blanket or schedule bond or crime insurance provided shall contain all terms and conditions required in subsection (1) of this section or as defined in section 59-802, Idaho Code.
(3) All official bonds of employees of the state and its agencies shall be approved by the governor and shall be approved as to form and legal sufficiency by the attorney general and shall be filed with the secretary of state without cost, except that the bond of the secretary of state or a certified copy of any master, blanket or schedule bond including the secretary of state shall be filed with the state controller.
(4) All official surety bonds, blanket surety bonds, or suitable crime insurance coverage of public officials or employees of a political subdivision shall be approved by the governing body of the political subdivision. After the governing body approves the form and legal sufficiency, the bonds or policies shall be filed with the clerk or secretary of the political subdivision.
Whenever a public official or an employee is required by another law to post bond or surety as a prerequisite to entering employment or assuming office, the requirement is met when bond coverage or suitable crime insurance coverage is provided for the office or position under provisions of the Surety Bond Act.
It shall be the duty of the board of county commissioners of each county to periodically, but not less than twice yearly, review, examine, and inquire into the sufficiency of all of the official bonds given or to be given by any county or precinct officer as required by law, and if it shall appear that any one or more of the sureties, or any of them, has died, moved from the state, become insolvent, or from any other cause has become incompetent or insufficient surety on such bond, the said board of county commissioners shall cause such county or precinct officer to be summoned to appear before the board on a day to be named in said summons, not less than three (3) nor more than ten (10) days after date, to appear and show cause why he should not be required to give a new bond with sufficient security, and if at the appointed time he shall fail to satisfy said board as to the sufficiency of the present security, an order shall be entered of record by said board requiring such county or precinct officer, to file in the office of the county clerk within ten (10) days, a new bond to be approved as required by law, and in the event such bond is found not sufficient, and a new bond is not filed as ordered, the fact shall be certified by the board of county commissioners to the district court of the county, and shall also be certified to the prosecuting attorney of the county and it shall thereupon become the duty of the prosecuting attorney to cause a hearing to be had in said district court for the purpose of adjudicating and declaring a vacancy in such office, in the event the district court determines, after a hearing, that the bond is in fact insufficient, and such officer fails within five (5) days after the district court has so found to file a new bond with sufficient surety as required by law. Upon the entry of such decree of vacancy it shall thereupon become the duty of the appointing power to fill such office in the manner provided by law.
The additional bond must be in such penalty as directed by the court, judge, board, officer or other person, and in all other respects similar to the original bond, and approved by and filed with the same officer as required in case of the approval and filing of the original bond. Every such additional bond so filed and approved is of like force and obligation upon the principal and sureties therein, from the time of its execution, and subjects the officer and his sureties to the same liabilities, suits, and actions as are prescribed respecting the original bonds of officers.
In no case is the original bond discharged or affected when an additional bond has been given, but the same remains of like force and obligation as if such additional bond had not been given.
Official bonds, after having been approved, must be recorded in a book kept for that purpose, and entitled “Record of Official Bonds.”
When the penal sum of any bond required to be given amounts to more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), the sureties may become severally liable for portions of not less than five hundred dollars ($500) thereof, making in the aggregate at least two (2) sureties for the whole penal sum; and if any such bond becomes forfeited, an action may be brought thereon against all or any number of the obligors, and judgment entered against them, either jointly or severally, as they may be liable. The judgment must not be entered against a surety severally bonded for a greater sum than that for which he is specially liable by the terms of the bond. Each surety is liable to contribution to his cosureties in proportion to the amount for which he is liable.
Every officer with whom official bonds are filed must carefully keep and preserve the same, and give certified copies thereof to any person demanding the same, upon being paid the same fees as are allowed by law for certified copies of papers in other cases.
All official bonds must be in form joint and several, and made payable to the state of Idaho in such penalty and with such conditions as required by this chapter, or the law creating or regulating the duties of the office.
Every official bond executed by any officer pursuant to law is in force and obligatory upon the principal and sureties therein for any and all breaches of the conditions thereof committed during the time such officer continues to discharge any of the duties of or hold the office, and whether such breaches are committed or suffered by the principal officer, his deputy, or clerk.
Every such bond is in force and obligatory upon the principal and sureties therein for the faithful discharge of all duties which may be required of such officer by any law enacted subsequently to the execution of such bond, and such condition must be expressed therein.
Every official bond executed by any officer pursuant to law is in force and obligatory upon the principal and sureties therein to and for the state of Idaho, and to and for the use and benefit of all persons who may be injured or aggrieved by the wrongful act or default of such officer in his official capacity, and any person so injured or aggrieved may bring suit on such bond, in his own name, without an assignment thereof.
No such bond is void on the first recovery of a judgment thereon; but suit may be afterward brought, from time to time, and judgment recovered thereon by the state of Idaho, or by any person to whom a right of action has accrued, against such officer and his sureties, until the whole penalty of the bond is exhausted.
Whenever an official bond does not contain the substantial matter or conditions required by law, or there are any defects in the approval or filing thereof, it is not void so as to discharge such officer and his sureties; but they are equitably bound to the state, or a party interested, and the state or such party may, by action in any court of competent jurisdiction, suggest the defect in the bond, approval or filing, and recover the proper and equitable demand or damages from such officer and the persons who intended to become, and were, included as sureties in such bond.
The officer and his sureties are liable to any party injured by the breach of any condition of any official bond, after the execution of the additional bond, upon either or both bonds, and such party may bring his action upon either bond, or he may bring separate actions on the bonds respectively, and he may allege the same cause of action, and recover judgment therefor in each suit.
If separate judgments are recovered on the bonds by such party for the same cause of action, he is entitled to have execution issued on such judgments respectively, but he must only collect, by execution or otherwise, the amount actually adjudged to him on the same causes of action in one (1) of the suits, together with the costs of both suits.
Whenever the sureties on either bond have been compelled to pay any sum of money on account of the principal obligor therein, they are entitled to recover, in any court of competent jurisdiction, of the sureties on the remaining bond, a distributive part of the sum thus paid, in the proportion which the penalties of such bonds bear one to the other and to the sums thus paid respectively.
Whenever any sureties on the official bond of any officer wish to be discharged from their liability, they and such officer may procure the same to be done if such officer will execute a new bond, with sufficient sureties, in like form, penalty, and conditions, and to be approved and filed, as the original bond. Upon the filing and approval of the new bond, such first sureties are exonerated from all further liability, but their bond remains in full force as to all liabilities incurred previous to the approval of such new bond. The liability of the sureties in such new bond is in all respects the same, and may be enforced in like manner as the liability of the sureties in the original bond.
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